Crate-ID™ is a traceability and reconciliation system for Returnable Transit Items (RTI’s). It is designed for use in the logistics and distribution industries, e.g. of fresh foods, to count both inbound and outbound crates. With millions of RTI’s being stolen, mislaid or damaged, the use of deposits has increased the incentive to Track and Trace all the RTI’s that are in use. With Crate-ID™, scanning, counting and identification takes only seconds, with a precision better than 99.9%. The machine vision system in Crate-ID™ can optionally be equipped with RFID technology.